Abelian group

From Online Dictionary of Crystallography

Revision as of 17:27, 8 November 2017 by BrianMcMahon (talk | contribs) (Tidied translations.)

زمرة أبيلية (Ar). Groupe abélien (Fr). Abelsche Gruppe (Ge). Gruppo abeliano (It). アーベル群 (Ja). Абелева группа (Ru). Grupo abeliano (Sp).

An abelian group, also called a commutative group, is a group (G, * ) such that g1 * g2 = g2 * g1 for all g1 and g2 in G, where * is a binary operation in G. This means that the order in which the binary operation is performed does not matter, and any two elements of the group commute.

Groups that are not commutative are called non-abelian (rather than non-commutative).

Abelian groups are named after Niels Henrik Abel.