From Online Dictionary of Crystallography
Revision as of 18:02, 8 November 2017 by BrianMcMahon (Tidied translations and added German and Spanish (U. Mueller))
Aristotype (Fr). Aristotyp (Ge). Aristotipo (It). アリストタイプ (Ja). Aristotipo (Sp).
An aristotype is a high-symmetry structure type that can be viewed as an idealized version of a lower-symmetry structure. It was introduced by Helen Megaw in relation to perovskites, where it is still mostly used. The cubic perovskite structure (which is adopted at most by half a dozen compounds) is regarded as the aristotype for the vast array of other lower-symmetry perovskites. The lower-symmetry structure is called hettotype.
After Buerger, aristotypes are also known as basic structures and hettotypes as derivative structures.
Originally, an aristotype is a printing-out process using paper coated with silver chloride in gelatin; now, any such process using silver salts in either collodion or gelatin; also, a print so made.
- Buerger, M. J. (1947). J. Chem. Phys. 15, 1-16. Derivative Crystal Structures.
- Megaw, H. (1973). Crystal Structures, London: W. B. Saunders, pp. 216, 282.