Difference between revisions of "Incommensurate composite crystal"

From Online Dictionary of Crystallography

m (lang)
(Tidied translations and added German and Spanish (U. Mueller))
Line 1: Line 1:
<Font color="blue">Cristal composite incommensurable</font> (''Fr''). <Font color="black">Cristallo composito incommensurabile</font> (''It''). <Font color="purple">非整合複合結晶</font> (''Ja'').
<font color="blue">Cristal composite incommensurable</font> (''Fr''). <font color="red">Inkommensurabler Kompositkristall</font> (''Ge''). <font color="black">Cristallo composito incommensurabile</font> (''It''). <font color="purple">非整合複合結晶</font> (''Ja''). <font color="green">Estructura inconmensurable compuesta</font> (''Sp'').

Revision as of 17:13, 14 November 2017

Cristal composite incommensurable (Fr). Inkommensurabler Kompositkristall (Ge). Cristallo composito incommensurabile (It). 非整合複合結晶 (Ja). Estructura inconmensurable compuesta (Sp).

An incommensurate composite crystal is a compound with two or more (N) subsystems that are themselves modulated structures, with basis structures that are mutually incommensurate. Each subsystem (numbered by ν) has a reciprocal lattice for its basic structure with three basis vectors [math]a_i^{*\nu}[/math]. There is a basis of the vector module of diffraction spots that has at most 3N basis vectors [math]A_j^*[/math] such that

[math] a_i^{*\nu}~=~\sum_{j=1}^n Z_{ij}^{\nu} A_j^* ~~~(i=1,2,3),[/math]

where [math]Z_{ij}^{\nu}[/math] are integer coefficients. If n is larger than the dimension of space (three), the composite crystal is an aperiodic crystal. n is the rank of the vector module.


Examples are intergrowth crystals and adsorbed monolayers. To the former belongs Hg3-δAsF6 with two systems of Hg chains inside the host lattice formed by AsF6 octahedra. Another example is nonadecane in the channels of a urea host crystal.