Difference between revisions of "Point space"
From Online Dictionary of Crystallography
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− | A mathematical model of the space in which we live is the '''point space'''. Its elements are points. Objects in point space may be single points; finite sets of points like the centres of the atoms of a molecule; infinite discontinuous point sets like the centres of the atoms of an ideal crystal pattern; continuous point sets like straight lines, curves, planes, curved surfaces, etc. | + | A mathematical model of the space in which we live is the '''point space'''. Its elements are points. Objects in point space may be single points; finite sets of points like the centres of the atoms of a molecule; infinite discontinuous point sets like the centres of the atoms of an ideal crystal pattern; continuous point sets like straight lines, curves, planes, curved surfaces, ''etc.'' |
− | Objects in point space are described by means of a coordinate system referred to point chosen as the origin O. An arbitrary point P is then described by its coordinates ''x'', ''y'', ''z''. | + | Objects in point space are described by means of a coordinate system referred to a point chosen as the origin ''O''. An arbitrary point ''P'' is then described by its coordinates ''x'', ''y'', ''z''. |
The point space used in crystallography is a Euclidean space, ''i.e.'' an affine space where the scalar product is defined. | The point space used in crystallography is a Euclidean space, ''i.e.'' an affine space where the scalar product is defined. | ||
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==See also== | ==See also== | ||
− | * [http://www.iucr.org/iucr-top/comm/cteach/pamphlets/22/index.html Matrices, Mappings and Crystallographic Symmetry] | + | * [http://www.iucr.org/iucr-top/comm/cteach/pamphlets/22/index.html ''Matrices, Mappings and Crystallographic Symmetry''] (Teaching Pamphlet No. 22 of the International Union of Crystallography) |
[[Category:Fundamental crystallography]] | [[Category:Fundamental crystallography]] |
Revision as of 13:04, 16 May 2017
A mathematical model of the space in which we live is the point space. Its elements are points. Objects in point space may be single points; finite sets of points like the centres of the atoms of a molecule; infinite discontinuous point sets like the centres of the atoms of an ideal crystal pattern; continuous point sets like straight lines, curves, planes, curved surfaces, etc.
Objects in point space are described by means of a coordinate system referred to a point chosen as the origin O. An arbitrary point P is then described by its coordinates x, y, z.
The point space used in crystallography is a Euclidean space, i.e. an affine space where the scalar product is defined.
Crystal structures are described in point space. The vector space is a dual of the point space because to each pair of points in point space a vector in vector space can be associated.
See also
- Matrices, Mappings and Crystallographic Symmetry (Teaching Pamphlet No. 22 of the International Union of Crystallography)