From Online Dictionary of Crystallography
Revision as of 10:09, 17 November 2017 by BrianMcMahon (Tidied translations and corrected German (U. Mueller))
Maille primitive ou simple (Fr). Primitive Zelle (Ge). Cella primitiva (It). 単純単位胞、基本単位胞 (Ja). Celda primitiva (Sp).
A primitive cell is a unit cell built on the basis vectors of a primitive basis of the direct lattice, namely a crystallographic basis of the vector lattice L such that every lattice vector t of L may be obtained as an integral linear combination of the basis vectors, a, b, c.
It contains only one lattice point and its volume is equal to the triple scalar product (a, b, c).
Non-primitive bases are used conventionally to describe centred lattices. In that case, the unit cell is a multiple cell and it contains more than one lattice point. The multiplicity of the cell is given by the ratio of its volume to the volume of a primitive cell.