From Online Dictionary of Crystallography
Revision as of 08:39, 20 November 2017 by BrianMcMahon (Tidied translations and added German and Spanish (U. Mueller))
Extinction secondaire (Fr). Sekundärextinktion (Ge). Estinzione secondaria (It). ２次消衰効果 (Ja). Extinción secundaria (Sp).
Secondary extinction is responsible for the loss of intensity occurring when the incident beam crosses a crystal. Each plane of a family (hkl) satisfying Laue equations (or Bragg's law) diffracts the incident beam, and thus subtracts part of the intensity from the incident beam. Successive planes of the same family will then experience a weakening of the incident beam and as a consequence the diffracted beams will result from the positive interference of waves not having the same intensities, as it is instead considered by the kinematical theory.
Secondary extinction is equivalent to an increase of the linear absorption coefficient and is negligible for sufficiently small crystals.