Space group

From Online Dictionary of Crystallography

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صنف أو مجموعة الفضاء (Ar). Groupe d'espace (Fr). Raumgruppe (Ge). Gruppo spaziale (It). 空間群 (Ja). Кристаллографическая группа (Ru). Grupo espacial (Sp).

The symmetry group of a three-dimensional crystal pattern is called its space group. In E2, the symmetry group of a two-dimensional crystal pattern is called its plane group (also known as wallpaper group). In E1, the symmetry group of a one-dimensional crystal pattern is called its line group.

To each crystal pattern belongs an infinite set of translations T, which are symmetry operations of that pattern. The set of all T forms a group known as the translation subgroup T of the space group G of the crystal pattern. T is an Abelian group and a normal subgroup of the space group. The factor group G/T of a space group G and its translation subgroup is isomorphic to the point group P of G.

See also