From Online Dictionary of Crystallography
Sous-structure (Fr). Sottostruttura (It). 部分構造 (Ja).
In chemistry and material science literature a substructure is often but incorrectly called a sublattice. A lattice is a mathematical description of the periodicity of a crystal structure and does not possess atomic nature. Furthermore, the translation lattice built on the subset of atoms defining a substructure can either coincide with the lattice of the original structure or be a superlattice of it, but never a sublattice.